Oxycodone is an opiate used to relieve moderate to severe pain. It works by changing the way the brain and nervous system respond to pain. More on oxycodone here.
OxyContin contains oxycodone, but includes a time-release mechanism so that the pain-killing effect lasts longer (meaning the drug does not have to be taken as often). But do oxycodone and OxyContin differ in other ways, also? We review here.
Oxycodone stays in your system and can be detected in drug tests up to four (4) days after use. More on drug testing norms for oxycodone here.
Oxycodone withdrawal symptoms include increased heart rate, increased breath rate, loss of appetite, nausea and gastrointestinal symptoms. More on what to expect during the course of oxyocodone withdrawal here.
To treat oxycodone addiction, you’ll need to address physical dependence and go through withdrawal. But once you’re off oxycodone … how do you stay off it? We review the most common treatments for oxycodone addiction here. Then, we invite your questions at the end.
Help for oxycodone addiction includes detox for withdrawal, physical stabilization, and psychological treatment for underlying issues. Where to get help? More here.
Specific signs indicate a person is addicted to oxycodone. Increased tolerance, withdrawal symptoms, and obsessive thinking about oxycodone are a few. More signs of oxycodone addiction here.
Oxycodone withdrawal side effects are usually benign but uncomfortable. Flu-like in nature, withdrawal side effects affect the GI-tract and central nervous system as oxycodone leaves the body. More typical side effects of oxycodone withdrawal here.
You stop taking oxycodone by gradually reducing dose amount and frequencies. Find general guidelines and what happens when you stop taking oxycodone here.
Smoking extracts less than 12% of oxycodone, with a foul taste and slight euphoric high. So smoking oxycodone is one of the least effective methods of administration for this opioid. But what does smoking oxycodone do to your body? Potential side effects include vomiting, itchy skin or headache. More here on risks and warnings of smoking oxycodone to get high.
What is oxycodone?
Oxycodone is a semi-synthetic opioid, a white, odorless crystalline powder. It’s synthesized from the opiate alkaloid thebaine, which is derived from the poppy plant. It is available as a medication in immediate release and controlled release pills of 10 mg, 15 mg, 20 mg, 30 mg, 40 mg, 60 mg, and 80 mg. Oxycodone can be found under the trade names Roxicodone, OxyContin, Oxecta, OxyIR, and Endone.
Why do people use oxycodone?
As a narcotic analgesic, this medication usually prescribed for moderate to severe pain relief. In fact, managing moderate to moderately severe acute or chronic pain is the main medical purpose for using oxycodone. If taken as prescribed by doctors, oxycodone can significantly improve the quality of life for patients suffering a range of types of pain.
However, some individuals abuse oxycodone recreationally because it triggers a “high”, or euphoric effect, triggered by psychoactive effects in the central nervous system. Depressed people and patients who suffer from anxiety find it very appealing since it lifts up mood, has a slight euphoric effect and lessens anxiety. People suffering from insomnia abuse this medication in order to produce drowsiness and fall asleep easily. Regardless, recreational use of this drug is hazardous and harmful.
Individuals who use or abuse oxycodone can administer it in the following ways:
- crushing and snorting
- epidural injection
- intramuscular injection
- subcutaneous injection
- transdermally (delivered across the skin)
If used for a short period in time, the effects of oxycodone are generally positive. The users prescribed with oxycodone feel relaxed and relieved of pain. However, those feelings are also the main reason why some people get “hooked” on oxycodone.
Oxycodone can produce side effects that counterbalance its positive properties. Negative effects range from nausea and constipation, to respiratory difficulties and in some cases severe rashes, allergic reactions, swelling of tongue and throat have been noted. Additionally, long term oxycodone users can face health problems such as:
- liver and kidney damage
- loss of appetite
- physical dependence
- respiratory distress
- seizures (convulsions)
- severe headaches
- tolerance to the drug
Is oxycodone addictive?
Oxycodone has a moderate to high dependence liability. Just like other opioids and opiates, the continuous use of oxycodone can result increased tolerance to its effects. When tolerant, you have to keep increasing dosage amounts or frequency of use in order to achieve the same initial therapeutic effects as first use. Still, dependence to oxycodone can be both physical and psychological. Users can become addicted to oxycodone, when obtaining and using the drug becomes the most important thing in their live. Caught in a cycle of physical need and craving, addicts will use all means possible to keep themselves supplied with oxycodone and to prevent withdrawal. But help is available through structured oxycodone addiction treatment and dedication to recovery.
Learn more about oxycodone, here: