There are a number of physical signs and symptoms that can suggest someone is addicted to OxyContin. More on how to recognize and treat OxyContin addiction here.
There are many ways you can help an OxyContin addict. Show support and encouragement. Stage interventions. Or, research treatment resources in your local area. More about what you can do to help a loved one here.
How can opioid or opiate dependence be treated with a prescription for another opioid? More here.
You can become addicted to OxyContin even after prescription use? How can you tell that you or someone you love is addicted to OxyContin? 15+ signs and symptoms of addiction to Oxy here.
OxyContin contains oxycodone, but includes a time-release mechanism so that the pain-killing effect lasts longer (meaning the drug does not have to be taken as often). But do oxycodone and OxyContin differ in other ways, also? We review here.
OxyContin withdrawal side effects include nausea, sleep disturbance, depression, and anxiety. More on what to expect during OxyContin withdrawal here.
When snort OxyContin, you increase the intensity, quickness, and duration of action of oxycodone on the system. What do you risk? And what are the side effects? More here.
Help for OxyContin addiction includes detox, psychotherapy, and continued support services. Where to start looking for Oxycontin addiction help here.
OxyContin abuse = any time OxyContin is cut, broken, chewed, crushed, or dissolved. More here.
Should you stop taking OxyContin cold turkey? Not really. OxyContin can cause severe discomfort if abruptly stopped. More here on how to properly stop using OxyContin.
What is OxyContin?
OxyContin is the brand name for a pain medication which contains oxycodone. Oxycodone is a white, odorless crystalline powder, which is derived from the opium alkaloid, thebaine. OxyContin is water-soluble (1 g in 6 to 7 mL) and slightly soluble in alcohol (octanol water partition coefficient 0.7). Like other opioids, there is a real potential for developing OxyContin dependence, although experts still don’t know why dependence occurs.
Why do people use OxyContin?
OxyContin is used to treat moderate to severe pain that is expected to last for an extended period of time. It’s prescribed for relief of moderate to severe acute or chronic pain. OxyContin is useful for acute pain and in some instances of chronic cancer pain. In fact, researchers report that in patients suffering from moderate to severe pain, OxyContin plays an important role in improving their quality of life.
Usually, OxyContin is used for around-the-clock treatment of pain. However, it is not usually prescribed on an “as-needed” basis. Especially for versions of the slow-release tablet, since it is a narcotic that should not be taken more often than every 12 hours.
A person is abusing OxyContin if they are taking Oxy in any way OTHER THAN PRESCRIBED. If you’re using OxyContin to induce euphoric high, this is drug abuse. Commonly, people also use alcohol, heroin, or cocaine in combination with OxyContin, in order to heighten the effects of an OxyContin high. However, mixing OxyContin with other drugs that either stimulate or depress the central nervous system is very dangerous.
Common routes of administration for OxyContin inlude:
- intramuscular injection
- intravenous injection
- intranasal-crushing and snorting
- subcutaneous injection
- epidural injection
OxyContin interacts with the opiate receptors in the brain and spinal cord and changes the way that we perceive feelings of pain. At the same time, OxyContin causes euphoric feelings of well-being. But other effects can occur which can be uncomfortable. This includes:
- cognitive impairment
- dry mouth
- sleep disturbances
- urinary retention
While these are common effects that are expected, people who abuse OxyContin can risk overdose. If taken in high doses, or in patients not tolerant to opiates/opioids, OxyContin can cause shallow breathing, bradycardia, cold-clammy skin, apnea, hypotension, miosis, circulatory collapse, respiratory arrest, and death. All these symptoms can also be the outcome of an overdose from OxyContin.
Other side-effects of OxyContin abuse include:
- extreme dissatisfaction with life
- liver damage
- mood swings
- shallow respiration
Is OxyContin addictive?
Yes, OxyContin is addictive. The main ingredient in OxyContin is oxycodone, which has medium-high addictive properties. But OxyContin may be habit-forming, even when taken at regular doses. The main characteristics of addiction to OxyContin are:
- continue use despite negative life consequences
- cravings, obsessive thinking, or compulsive use of OxyContin
- loss of control in drug use
- psychological dependence on OxyContin
In cases where the drug has been taken regularly over an extended period of time, the central nervous system becomes accustomed to the presence of OxyContin. So, when individuals try to quit after they become dependent they go through OxyContin withdrawal. The risk of experiencing severe withdrawal symptoms is high if a patient has become physically dependent or addicted and discontinues OxyContin abruptly.
People who use OxyContin recreationally, and not as intended by the prescribing physician are at even higher risk of severe withdrawal symptoms, as they tend to use higher-than-prescribed doses and mix the drug with other substances. The symptoms of OxyContin withdrawal mimic those of a severe flue, and they also include anxiety, panic attack, nausea, insomnia, muscle pain, muscle weakness, fevers.
If you want to explore more specific information on OxyContin, check out the following: