Does Experimentation = Abuse?
Morphine can cause euphoria and an extreme state of well-being, which is one of the main reasons why people start to abuse it in the first place. But, doing so can have a negative effect on many aspects of your life. Morphine abuse can endanger your:
- Educational advancement.
- Interpersonal relationships.
- Physical well-being.
- Professional aspirations.
- Psychological state of mind.
In fact, taking morphine for recreational purposes is not safe or recommended. In this article, we cover more on what morphine abuse is, the risks and side effects, as well as ways to seek help and get better. At the end, we welcome your questions and do our best to answer personally and promptly to all legitimate inquiries.
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Technically, yes…it’s possible to misuse morphine, even if you have a prescription for it. So, let’s first define what drug abuse really means. Drug abuse is:
the compulsive, excessive, and self-damaging use of morphine that leads to addiction or dependence, serious physiological injury and/or psychological harm, or even death.
Q: But, what if you are prescribed morphine?
A: Newsflash! You can still abuse it…
The major use of morphine in medicine is for relieving pain. If you are using morphine as prescribed by your doctor, you can become physically dependent on it rather quickly. But, if you are using morphine in larger doses than prescribed or taking it more often than you should – you are abusing the drug. Those who abuse morphine, whether prescribed or not, often take it in the following ways:
- Chewing morphine to speed up the effects.
- Crushing morphine tablets into a powder for snorting.
- Dissolving morphine in water and injecting.
- Using morphine in larger doses than prescribed.
- Using morphine more often than prescribed.
How Can I Know If Someone Is Abusing Morphine
If you are concerned that someone close to you has a problem with morphine abuse, here are some signs of morphine abuse that you can look for:
- Dilated pupils
- Nodding off
- Slurred speech
- Shallow breathing
As with many prescription drugs, it can be difficult to distinguish when is abusing morphine or simply keeping their pain at bay. Some of the more visible behavioral signs of signs of a morphine problem may include dramatic changes in behavior or spending time around people outside of normal social circles who are also morphine abusers.
If a loved one turns out to have a problem with morphine use, please know that it is not something to be angry about or ashamed of. Instead, seek professional help from a psychologist, counselor, or a treatment program to proactively help that person get the help they need.
Adverse Side Effects
As a strong and addictive narcotic, morphine use can lead to unwanted side effects even when taken appropriately in the prescribed dosing. These adverse effects can be very serious and may include:
- Constricted pupils
- Carvings and addiction
- Dry mouth
- Delirium, dizziness, and hallucination
- Physical dependence
- Potential transmission of Hepatitis B and C and HIV/AIDS (e.g. thorough shared needless)
- GI tract problems (cramps, constipation, nausea, and vomiting)
- Skin changes
In addition, morphine changes the function of the reward pathway of the brain that makes you more prone to developing addiction. The effects that this drug produces can make you lose control over use and be prepared to do just about anything anything to get more of the drug.
Morphine Overdose: Call 911!
Morphine overdose is a medical emergency case which happens when larger amounts of morphine are administered in the body. The most risky method of intake is by injection because the delivery is faster and morphine can cross the blood-brain barrier almost directly. When an overdose happens, morphine puts the nervous system into a coma, and a person may display the following signs:
- Limp body
- Bluish/purple fingernails and lips
- Delirium and disorientation
- Discolored tongue
- Dry mouth
- Difficulties in breathing
- Extremely pale face
- Pinpoint pupils
- Person cannot be awakened from sleep and/or is unable to speak
- Weak pulse and low blood pressure
If you suspect you have OD on morphine, or recognize these symptoms in someone else seek urgent medical care. Morphine overdose can be life threatening and end fatally.
In the case of morphine overdose:
- Call 911 ASAP
- Inform the contact representative that you/another person has taken morphine and perhaps any other substances with it.
- Provide clear instructions about your location.
- Stay on the phone to receive further medical instructions until the paramedics arrive.
Who Helps People Quit
Morphine abuse affects both your physical and mental health. There are numerous ways to help treat morphine addiction, you only need to find the one that fits you and your individual treatment needs best. For start, for morphine abuse help you can consult with:
- A morphine abuse helpline
- A family doctor
- A psychiatrist
- A psychologist
- Addiction support groups
- Addiction treatment centers
- Detoxification clinics
- Licensed social workers
Are you a friend of a morphine abuser? You too can help! A person who has a problem with morphine may not be aware that they are in trouble. In fact, it often takes a family member, a friend, or someone who cares to bring it up and suggest treatment. Addiction is a sensitive topic…whether you are on the giving or receiving end of the conversation. But, intervening can save a person’s life. And with morphine abuse, the sooner you get professional help the bigger a person’s chances of making a successful recovery.
Morphine Abuse Treatment
Morphine abuse can be treated medically. In fact, putting yourself in the hands of medical professionals treatment can be all possible therapies correspond to the two first steps of addiction treatment:
1. Morphine detoxification and withdrawal treatment
Firstly, to quit morphine you need to get the drug out of your body. Morphine dependence is treated in both outpatient and inpatient programs. But, regular or long-term morphine abusers who try to quit morphine experience:
- Abdominal cramps
- Increased heart rate
…and may even experience more serious symptoms such as seizures, breathing difficulties, dizziness, memory problems, and many more. Therefore, it is recommended that people quitting morphine should be monitored at a detox clinic or a hospital for the first few days. During morphine withdrawal treatment, doctors can prescribe medications to soothe the severity of symptoms. Two of the most commonly prescribed medications are:
Naltrexone – Which blocks opioids from affecting the brain.
Buprenorphine – Which reduces the severity of withdrawal symptoms.
2. Psychological treatments
Reputable addiction treatment includes a combination of psychological and behavioral interventions. You can expect to receive a selection of evidence-based and holistic therapies that correspond with your therapeutic needs. Therapy options may include:
- Education sessions.
- Family therapy.
- Individual and group therapy sessions.
- Nutritional counseling and wellness activities.
- Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).
- Motivational interviewing.
- Dual diagnosis treatment.
- Medication maintenance therapy.
- Thorough planning for aftercare programs.
Therapy is aimed to help you deal with the mental and emotional issues that may have lead you to obsessive morphine use. Resolving these issues and taking on new, positive thoughts and behaviors is the base for long term recovery. Moreover, psychological morphine addiction treatment includes different therapies such as family therapy, psychotherapy, behavioral therapies, and so on. To add, group and support meetings are usually recommended during psychological morphine addiction treatment.
Got any questions?
We hope to have helped you get to the bottom of the reasons and resolutions for morphine abuse. If you have any additional questions, please CALL the number listed on the top of our page or leave a comment in the designated section below. We do our best to respond personally and promptly to all legitimate inquiries. In fact, we strive to help all who need a hand to make morphine abuse a thing of their past.