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What is Adderall?

Adderall® is a medicine prescribed by doctors for the treatment of narcolepsy and ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder). Adderall is actually a brand name for the stimulant containing amphetamine and dextroamphetamine salts. Because Adderall is a medicine, it appears in the form of tablets with different shapes, sizes and colors according to its strength .

Adderall tablets exist in the following forms and strengths:

  • Adderall 5 mg is a white to off-white round tablet
  • Adderall 7.5 mg  is a blue ellipsoid-shaped tablet
  • Adderall 10 mg  is a blue round tablet
  • Adderall 12.5 mg  is a peach round tablet
  • Adderall 15 mg  is an orange or peach oval tablet
  • Adderall 20 mg  is an orange, peach or pink round tablet
  • Adderall 30 mg is a peach round tablet

Adderall is made synthetically and can be available in pharmacies and hospitals. Adderall can only be legally purchased with a properly-filled prescription made by a doctor. Despite its use as medicine, Adderall remains a highly-controlled substance and its legal use is restricted.

Adderall effects

Adderall is composed of amphetamines which are potent stimulants, and has both therapeutic uses and potential for abuse. Doctors prescribe Adderall for the management of symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and for certain types of narcolepsy. For reasons not yet fully understood, amphetamines improve attention and focus, and reduce hyperactivity. Adderall also reduces excessive daytime sleepiness in people with narcolepsy.

Amphetamines stimulate the central nervous system, causing increased heart rate and increased blood pressure. Therefore, a person taking Adderall feels alert, invigorated and energized while under its effects. Adderall can also increase mental performance by improving focus and concentration, and induces a feeling of euphoria. People use Adderall illegally to achieve this euphoria and for improved mental capacity for tasks like studying and work. Athletes also use Adderall to illegally improve sports performance because it improves alertness, masks fatigue, and improves reaction time and concentration .

Adderall can cause side effects, many of which are detrimental to health. Adderall can cause sudden death, development of heart problems, or exacerbation of hidden pre-existing cardiovascular problems. This is the main reason why people must never use Adderall recreationally. Individuals who use Adderall for medicinal purposes should stick to the right dose and have regular check-ups to prevent these serious side effects from occurring.

Adderall overdose

A person can overdose on Adderall and experience side effects of acute intoxication. However, a person’s sensitivity to amphetamines is unique.  A dose that has no effects on someone may cause intense effects on others. Furthermore, some people may overdose on very small doses of Adderall. Because amphetamines act on the central nervous system and the heart, an Adderall overdose can lead to coma and untimely death.

You can overdose on Adderall by taking it without doctor’s prescription and advice. Because Adderall is a stimulant, overdose can cause to high blood pressure, insomnia and an erratically high heartbeat. Here are a few of the signs and symptoms of Adderall overdose :

  • diarrhea and abdominal cramps
  • fast and bounding heartbeats and rapid breathing
  • fever
  • hallucinations
  • nausea and vomiting
  • panic and paranoid behavior with potential for violence
  • rhabdomyolysis (breakdown of muscle tissue)
  • tremors and heightened reflex reactions

You should first contact a Poison Control Center when you suspect or witness (or experience) signs and symptoms of Adderall overdose. Emergency departments treat Adderall overdose by evacuating all contents of the stomach through gavage. Activated charcoal is given to absorb unabsorbed traces of the medicine. Medicines that induce defecation are given to further evacuate traces of Adderall in the gut, and the patient is sedated to counter the stimulating effects of the drug. Increased heart rate and blood pressure are countered with sedatives and antihypertensive medicines to prevent further complications. The patient is closely watched and other symptoms of Adderall overdose are addressed individually.

For more on Adderall, see:



Is It Hard To Quit Adderall?

Is It Hard To Quit Adderall?

September 3rd, 2018

Are you Adderall-dependent and considering quitting? We provide you with information about what to expect during withdrawal. Plus, we review the safe ways for coming off Adderall…with a section at the end for your questions, experiences and concerns.

Adderall Detection Timelines [INFOGRAPHIC]

Adderall Detection Timelines [INFOGRAPHIC]

July 7th, 2018

An easy-to-read graphic on Adderall drug detection windows for blood, urine, hair, and saliva drug testing. Perfect for your school, office, or treatment clinic wall. Check it out here.

Teen Adderall Abuse: A Parent's Guide to Prevention and Treatment

Teen Adderall Abuse: A Parent’s Guide to Prevention and Treatment

September 25th, 2017

What’s the difference between normal Adderall use and a real drug problem? An inside look into teenage patterns of stimulant consumption with tips for parents whose children may already have a problem. More here.

Rehab for amphetamines

Rehab for amphetamines

July 9th, 2017

An amphetamine addiction is both dangerous and life altering. While rehab can be difficult, it’s essential. Are you ready to live a happy and healthy life? A review of what to expect during rehab with a section for your questions at the end.

2 Stimulants addiction treatment: Who seeks help for stimulant drug abuse? (INFOGRAPHIC)

Stimulants addiction treatment: Who seeks help for stimulant drug abuse? (INFOGRAPHIC)

May 17th, 2017

Who seeks stimulants addiction help and who is admitted to rehab? In this infographic, you can explore the National trends for stimulant addiction treatment program admissions. Learn more, here.

15 The Adderall Withdrawal Timeline Chart

The Adderall Withdrawal Timeline Chart

May 10th, 2017

How long does withdrawal from Adderall last? A VISUAL GUIDELINE that outlines common symptoms by day and week.

1 When does Adderall kick in?

When does Adderall kick in?

April 21st, 2017

Initial effects of Adderall kick in anywhere from 30 to 60 minutes after administration. Effects peak at 3 hours with Adderall IR and at 7 hours with Adderall XR. Learn more about the onset and duration of Adderall effects here.

Adderall treatment: Who seeks help for Adderall addiction? (INFOGRAPHIC)

Adderall treatment: Who seeks help for Adderall addiction? (INFOGRAPHIC)

February 15th, 2017

As Adderall addiction and abuse rates grow, more and more people are getting admitted to treatment for Adderall substance use problems. Who needs and receives Adderall addiction help in the U.S.? See in this infographic.

The face of Adderall addiction: Who uses Adderall? (INFOGRAPHIC)

The face of Adderall addiction: Who uses Adderall? (INFOGRAPHIC)

January 11th, 2017

The use of “study drugs” such as Adderall has been on the rise since 2009. This infographic shows the demographics and national trends of Adderall use in the population. Check it out to learn more.

Adderall detox treatment

Adderall detox treatment

December 27th, 2016

Detox from Adderall can be very uncomfortable, but it doesn’t have to be. Learn here how you can detox from Adderall safely and who can help you get through withdrawal.

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Leave a Reply

2 Responses to “Adderall
1:33 pm April 28th, 2016

Unfortunately I was diagnosed with ADD in my 40’s. The fact is that one does not “grow out” of the disease. I was born 2 months early and my mother also smoked while she was carrying me. I couldn’t finish my tasks and until treatment my progress was unsatisfactory. TX was efficacious and helped to get on track and do quite a bit more than before Tx.

4:26 am January 15th, 2017

i’ve been abusing it for over 14 years now… i dont always have it, so i have to come down… it sucks… but xanax takes the edge off… adderall makes me a sex addict… which i dont mind…